Fiber Optic Pigtail
Much about the tech jargon, some people don’t know its meaning. Such as fiber optic pigtails, fiber pigtail is a piece of fiber optic cable with only one fiber optic connector on one side of the cable, there are single mode and multimode fiber optic pigtails, which can be with various types of fiber optic terminations such as SC, FC, ST, LC, MU, MT-RJ, MTP, MPO, etc. the fiber optic pigtail with connector side is used to link the equipment, while the other side of the pigtail is melted together with the fiber cable, by melting together the fiber glasses, it can reach a minimum insertion loss. Fiber optic pigtails are usually used with fiber optic management equipment like ODF, splice closures and cross cabinets. Common types of fiber optic pigtails are usually with 0.9mm fiber cable diameter, and usually installed inside ODF unit. Most commonly used types are SC fiber optic pigtail, ST fiber optic pigtail,FC fiber optic pigail, LC fiber optic pigtail ,MT-RJ fiber optic pigtail,SC/APC fiber optic pigtail, FC/APC fiber optic pigtail and E2000 fiber optic pigtail. They are single mode types and multimode types.
A fiber pigtail is really a single, short, usually unbuffered, optical fiber which has an optical connector pre-installed on one end along with a period of exposed fiber in the other end. The end of the pigtail is stripped and fusion spliced to a single fiber of a multi-fiber trunk. Splicing of pigtails to each fiber within the trunk “breaks out” the multi-fiber cable into its component fibers for connection to the end equipment.Fiber pigtails can have female or male connectors. Female connectors might be mounted in a patch panel, often in pairs although single-fiber solutions exist, to allow them to be connected to endpoints or other fiber runs with patch fibers. Alternatively they can have male connectors and plug directly into an optical transceiver.As the fibers must have connectors fitted before they can affix to other equipment. Fiber pigtails may be one of the common solutions for fiber cable termination, the inclusion of connectors to every optical fiber in a cable.
According to the ITU-T (International Telecommunication Union Telecommunication) standardization organization, fiber optic pigtails are categorized into Fiber pigtail that conforms to G.652 and G.653 fiber splicing technology standard. Fiber optic splicing technology is primarily to use a fiber splicing machine to fuse splice the fiber with fiber or the fiber with fiber pigtails. In this process, the bare fibers of the fiber optic cables are fuse spliced with the fiber pigtails to become a whole. With the fiber optic connector at one end of the fiber pigtails, they are connected to fiber optic transceivers, the optical fibers connected with the twisted pairs, and then connect with the information outlets. Main tools used in the fiber splicing technology include fiber termination box, fiber optic converter, fiber optic transceiver, fiber pigtail, optical fiber coupler, fiber stripper, and fiber optic cleaver, etc. Currently fiber optic pigtail with SC, ST, FC, LC MT-RJ, SC/APC, FC/APC, E2000 fiber optic connectors are available in the market.
Fiber optic technology has revolutionized the way the communication can be handled in a more efficient and faster manner. Fiber Pigtail is a piece of optical cable with connectors only on one side of the cable and a length of exposed fiber at the other end. It is as simple as that. Due to its small size, it can fit for being put inside the fiber optic patch panel boxes or fiber optic splicing enclosures.
Fiber pigtails types are dependent on the connector types and the fiber optic cable. Usually the fiber optic pigtail is with 0.9mm outer diameter cable. Pigtails are usually used inside the fiber optic management equipment, the connectors on the pigtail can link to the adapter or other devices, the other end of the pigtail which does not contain the connectors, is stripped back and fusion spliced to another single fiber, by melting together the fiber glasses, it can reach a minimum insertion loss. This is done easy in field with a multi-fiber trunk to break out the multi-fiber cable into its component for connection to the end equipment.
There are pigtail single mode and pigtail multimode, which can be with various types of fiber optic terminations such as SC, FC, ST, LC, MU, MT-RJ, MTP, MPO, etc. Pigtails can have female or male connectors. Female connectors could be mounted in a patch panel, often in pairs although single-fiber solutions exist, to allow them to be connected to endpoints or other fiber runs with patch fibers. Alternatively they can have male connectors and plug directly into an optical transceiver.
Fiber optic pigtail Specifications:
Types: single mode, multimode;
Terminations: FC, SC, ST, MU, LC, D4, DIN, E2000, MT-RJ, MPO, SMA, E2000, FDDI, and ESCON;
Insertion Loss (dB): less than 0.2 (PC and UPC);
Exchangeability: less than 0.2 dB;
Tensile Strength: less than 0.2 dB (0 to15 kgf);
Temp. Range: (- 40 to +80 degree centigrade).
What is the difference between the fiber optic connector, fiber patch cable and pigtail?
Fiber optic connector is used for connecting fiber. Fiber optic patch cords used to do the patch cord from the equipment to the fiber optic cabling link. Pigtail is welding and connecting to other fiber optic cable core, often appear in the fiber optic terminal box, used to connect fiber optic cable and fiber optic transceivers (also used in the coupler, fiber optic jumper, etc.).
Anfkom offers the single-mode 9/125, multimode 10Gb 50/125, multimode 62.5/125 and multimode 50/125 types fiber optic pigtails. They are with various SC, FC, ST, LC, MU, MT-RJ, MTP, MPO, PC, UPC, and APC connectors respectively. These fiber pigtails are available in simplex or duplex versions, custom design also available.
As fiber cable network is built by drawing the long lines of physical cables, it is highly impossible to lay a continuous cable end-to-end. Then there comes the fiber optic pigtail, one of the cable assemblies, has a connector on one end and a length of exposed fiber on another end to melt together with fiber optic cable. By melting together the glass fiber cable, it can reach a minimum insertion loss.
Pigtails are terminated on one end with a connector, and typically the other side is spliced to OSP (Outside Plant Cable). They may be simplex: (single fiber), or multi-fiber up to 144 fibers. Pigtails do have male and female connectors in which male connectors will be used for direct plugging of an optical transceiver while the female connectors are mounted on a wall mount or patch panel. Fiber optical pigtails are usually used to realize the connection between patch panels in a Central Office or Head End and OSP cable. Often times they may also provide a connection to another splice point outside of the Head End or central office. The purpose of this is because various jacket materials may only be used a limited distance inside the building.
You may confused the purpose between fiber optic connector, fiber optic patch cord and fiber optic pigtail. Here we will figure it out.
Fiber optic connector is used for connecting fiber. Using one or two fiber optic connectors in one cable has two items with different assistance in fiber optical solutions.
Fiber optic patch cords(or called fiber jumpers) used as a connection from a patch panel to a network element. Fiber optic patch cords, thick protective layer, generally used in the connection between the optical transceiver and the terminal box.
Fiber Optic Pigtail called pigtail line, only one end of the connector, while the other end is a cable core decapitation. Welding and connecting to other fiber optic cable core, often appear in the fiber optic terminal box, used to connect fiber optic cable, etc.
Fiber optic cable can be terminated in a cross connection panel using both pigtail or field-installable connector fiber termination techniques. The pigtail approach requires that a splice be made and a splice tray be used in the patch panel. The pigtail approach provides the best quality connection and is usually the quickest.
Fiber pigtails are with premium grade connectors and with typical 0.9mm outer diameter cables. Simplex fiber pigtail and duplex fiber pigtails are available, with different cable color, cable diameter and jacket types optional. The most common is known as the fusion splice on pigtail, this is done easy in field with a multi-fiber trunk to break out the multi-fibers cable into its component for connection to the end equipment. And the 12 fiber or 6 fiber multi color pigtail are easy to install and provide a premium quality fiber optic connection. Fiber optic pigtails can be with various types of fiber optic terminations such as SC, FC, ST, LC, MU, MT-RJ, MTP, MPO, etc.
Pigtails offer low insertion loss and low back-reflection. They are especially designed for high count fiber optic splicing. Pigtails are often bought in pairs to be connected to endpoint
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